Cat Large Wheel Loaders are designed with durability built in, ensuring maximum availability through multiple life cycles. With optimized performance and simplified serviceability, our machines allow you to move more material efficiently and safely at a lower cost per ton.
Introduced in 1990, the 994 has become the top customer choice in its size class for over 25 years. Focused on helping our customers succeed, we have continued to build upon each new series’ legacy of reliability, safety, operator comfort, serviceability and sustainability.
All images included in this Specalog show a U.S. EPA Tier 1/EU Stage I Equivalent configuration. It’s important to note that the Tier 4 Final/EU Stage V Equivalent will have some physical differences, including the presence of a DEF tank.

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Bore 6.7in
Displacement 4766in³
Emissions U.S. EPA Tier 4 Final/EU Stage IV* or U.S. EPA Tier 1/EU Stage I Equivalent
Engine Model Cat® 3516E
Gross Power - ISO 14396 1847HP
Gross Power - SAE J1995 1870HP
Net Power 1739HP
Net Power - SAE J1349 - High Ambient 1696HP
Net Power - SAE J1349 - Standard Ambient 1739HP
Note (1) The power ratings apply when tested under the reference conditions for the specified standard.
Note (2) The net power advertised is the power available at the flywheel when the engine is equipped with fan, alternator, air cleaner, and muffler.
Note (3) The gross power advertised is with the fan at maximum speed.
Note (4) *Tier 4 Final/EU Stage IV configuration is ready to meet Stage V emission requirements once in effect.
Peak Torque - 1,200 rpm - SAE J1995 8549lb/ft
Rated Speed 1,600 rpm
Stroke 8.5in
Torque Rise 39%
Bucket Capacity Range 17.2 - 43.6 m³ (22.3 - 57 yd³)
Bucket Capacity Range - Coal 32.1 - 43.6 m³ (42 - 57 yd³)
Bucket Capacity Range - Iron Ore 17.2 - 21.4 m³ (22.3 - 28 yd³)
Bucket Capacity Range - Rock 19.1 - 29.1 m³ (25 - 38 yd³)
Note *In Low to Moderate Digging Resistance: please contact your local dealer to determine if your application is suitable for this increased rated payload
Operating Weight 534852lb
Rated Payload - High Lift (Low to Moderate Digging Resistance) 55ton (US)
Rated Payload - High Lift (Moderate to High Digging Resistance) 42ton (US)
Rated Payload - Standard Lift (Low to Moderate Digging Resistance) 60ton (US)
Rated Payload - Standard Lift (Moderate to High Digging Resistance) 45ton (US)
Bucket Capacities 19.1-43.6 m3 (25-57 yd3)
Direct Drive - Forward 1 Lock-up disables
Direct Drive - Forward 2 8.7mile/h
Direct Drive - Forward 3 15.2mile/h
Direct Drive - Reverse 1 Lock-up disables
Direct Drive - Reverse 2 9.6mile/h
Direct Drive - Reverse 3 16.8mile/h
Forward - 1 4.6mile/h
Forward - 2 8mile/h
Forward - 3 13.6mile/h
Note Travel speeds based on 58/85-57 tires.
Reverse - 1 5mile/h
Reverse - 2 8.8mile/h
Reverse - 3 14.9mile/h
Transmission Type Cat Planetary Power Shift
Front Fixed
Oscillation Angle
Rear Trunnion
Dump 3.1s
Lower Float Down 4.2s
Rack Back 4.9s
Raise 12.6s
Total Hydraulic Cycle Time - Empty Bucket 23.5s
Cylinders, Double Acting - Lift, Bore and Stroke 370 × 1713 mm (14.6 × 67.4 in)
Cylinders, Double Acting - Tilt, Bore and Stroke 310 × 1086 mm (12.2 × 42.8 in)
Lift/Tilt System - Circuit Positive Flow Control
Lift/Tilt System - Pump Variable Displacement Piston
Maximum Flow at 1,700 rpm Engine Speed 541gal/min
Pilot System Open Loop and Pressure Reducing
Relief Valve Setting - Lift/Tilt 4587psi
Cooling System 138gal (US)
Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) (Tier 4 Final/Stage IV) 137gal (US)
Differential - Final Drives - Front 220gal (US)
Differential - Final Drives - Rear 200gal (US)
Engine Crankcase 76gal (US)
Fuel Tank - Standard 910gal (US)
Fuel Tank - With 24 hr Attachment 1500gal (US)
Hydraulic Tank - Implement and Hydraulic Fan 270gal (US)
Hydraulic Tank - Steering and Braking 100gal (US)
Note *Not available on Tier 4 Final machines. Not available in all regions.
Oil Renewal System (ORS)* 20gal (US)
Transmission 110gal (US)
Machine Sound Level (ISO 6395:2008) 119dB(A)
Note *EU Stage V ready.
Operator Sound Level (ISO 6396:2008) - Tier 1/EU Stage I Equivalent 72dB(A)
Operator Sound Level (ISO 6396:2008) - Tier 4 Final/EU Stage IV* 72dB(A)
Sound Performance The measurement was conducted at 70 percent of the maximum engine cooling fan speed. Hearing protection may be needed when the machine is operated with a cab that is not properly maintained or when the doors or windows are open for extended periods or in
Maximum Flow at 1,700 rpm Engine Speed 259gal/min
Relief Valve Setting - Steering 4496psi
Steering Cycle Times - High Idle 4.3s
Steering Cycle Times - Low Idle 7.6s
Steering System - Circuit Pilot, Load Sensing
Steering System - Pump Piston, Variable Displacement
Total Steering Angle 80 degrees
Ambient Capability Hydraulically Driven Demand Fan - High (Tier 1 equivalent) 131°F
Ambient Capability Hydraulically Driven Demand Fan - High (Tier 4 Final) 127.4°F
Ambient Capability Hydraulically Driven Demand Fan - Standard 40.8°F
B-Pin Height - Maximum Lift 28.8ft
Clearance at Maximum Lift 20.2ft
Dump Angle at Maximum Lift –50.0 degrees
Front Axle Centerline to Bucket Tip 21.3ft
Ground to Bumper Clearance 4.4ft
Ground to Center of Axles 6ft
Ground to Lower Hitch Clearance 2.9ft
Ground to Top of Exhaust Stacks 23.2ft
Ground to Top of Hood 18.6ft
Ground to Top of ROPS 23.4ft
Maximum Overall Height - Bucket Raised 38.6ft
Maximum Overall Length 64ft
Note Assumes 22.9 m3 (30 yd3) bucket for standard lift, and 21.4 m3 (28 yd3) bucket for high lift, fitted with Cat Advansys™ heavy duty tips. Assumes tire size 58/85-57.
Rack Angle at Maximum Lift 59.5 degrees
Rack Back Angle - Carry 47.7 degrees
Rack Back Angle - Ground Level 39.7 degrees
Reach - Maximum Lift 9.3ft
Rear Axle - Centerline to Bumper 20.4ft
Tread Width 14.1ft
Wheel Base 22.3ft
Width - Over Tires - With Bulge 18.8ft
B-Pin Height - Maximum Lift 31.7ft
Clearance at Maximum Lift 23.3ft
Dump Angle at Maximum Lift –50.0 degrees
Front Axle Centerline to Bucket Tip 23.3ft
Ground to Bumper Clearance 4.4ft
Ground to Center of Axles 6ft
Ground to Lower Hitch Clearance 2.9ft
Ground to Top of Exhaust Stacks 23.2ft
Ground to Top of Hood 18.6ft
Ground to Top of ROPS 23.4ft
Maximum Overall Height - Bucket Raised 41.2ft
Maximum Overall Length 66ft
Note Assumes 22.9 m3 (30 yd3) bucket for standard lift, and 21.4 m3 (28 yd3) bucket for high lift, fitted with Cat Advansys™ heavy duty tips. Assumes tire size 58/85-57.
Rack Angle at Maximum Lift 59.4 degrees
Rack Back Angle - Carry 53.7 degrees
Rack Back Angle - Ground Level 45.0 degrees
Reach - Maximum Lift 8.8ft
Rear Axle - Centerline to Bumper 20.4ft
Tread Width 14.1ft
Wheel Base 22.3ft
Width - Over Tires - With Bulge 18.8ft
Machine Sound Level (ISO 6395:2008) 117dB(A)
Note *EU Stage V ready.
Operator Sound Level (ISO 6396:2008) - Tier 1/EU Stage I Equivalent 71dB(A)
Operator Sound Level (ISO 6396:2008) - Tier 4 Final/EU Stage IV* 71dB(A)
Sound Performance The measurement was conducted at 70 percent of the maximum engine cooling fan speed. Hearing protection may be needed when the machine is operated with a cab that is not properly maintained or when the doors or windows are open for extended periods or in
Brakes ISO 3450:2011

Standard Equipment:

  • Note
    • Standard and optional equipment may vary. Consult your Cat dealer for details.
  • Power Train
    • Engine, 3516E High Displacement (HD) Mechanical Electronic Unit Injector (MEUI-A), Air-to-Air Aftercooling (ATAAC) diesel, turbocharged/aftercooled
    • Engine prelube
    • Fuel priming pump (electric)
    • Ground-level engine shutoff
    • Engine air intake (above hood) precleaner
    • Aluminum Modular Radiator (AMR)
    • Automatic, ether starting aid
    • Electronic throttle lock
    • Impeller Clutch Torque Converter (ICTC) with Lock-Up Clutch and rimpull control system
    • Rimpull control system
    • Planetary powershift, 3F/3R electronic control transmission
    • Delayed engine shutdown
    • Oil-cooled, multi-disc, service brakes
    • Electro-hydraulic parking brake
  • Linkage
    • Standard lift (40.8 tonnes/45 tons face, 54.4 tonnes/60 tons loose)
  • Electrical
    • Alternator
    • Dry batteries
    • 10/15 amp, 24V to 12V converter
    • Disconnect switch to bumper
    • LED warning lights (pattern selectable)
    • LED lighting system (working lights, access and service platform lights, turn signals/hazard lights)
    • Emergency jump-start receptacle
    • Starter and transmission lockout in bumper
    • 24V starting and charging system
    • Electric starters
    • 24V starting and charging system
    • Electric starters
  • Operator Environment
    • Bonded glass, tinted
    • Premium seat with heated and actively cooled leather, adjustable lumbar support, air adjustable bolsters on the seat and backrest, seat cushion tilt adjustment, and adjustable length seat cushion
    • Dual lever lift and tilt function controls
    • Implement kickouts
    • Air conditioner
    • Cab pressure indicator
    • Graphical touchscreen information display conveys real-time operating information and payload measurement
    • Heater, defroster, auto temperature controls
    • Gauge instrumentation
      – DEF Level, if equipped
      – Coolant temperature
      – Hydraulic oil temperature
      – Fuel level
      – Power train oil temperature
      – Engine speed (tachometer)
      – Transmission gear
      – Ground speed
      – Engine hour meter
    • Warning/indicator instrumentation
      – Low DEF Level, if equipped
      – Three category action alert system
      – Brake malfunction
      – Bucket float status
      – Delayed engine shutdown status
      – Engine idle shutdown status
      – Engine malfunction
      – Fuel economy mode enable status
      – Hydraulic lockout
      – Lockup clutch enable status
      – Low fuel level
      – Parking brake status
      – Quick shift enable status
      – Rimpull control enable status
      – Seat belt warning
      – Secondary steering
      – Throttle lock status
      – Transmission gear
      – Turn signal
    • Keypad control with indicator lights
      – Fuel economy mode
      – Implement kickouts
      – Lockup clutch
      – Manual lube
      – Quickshift enable
      – Rimpull control system
      – Side rearview mirror heater
      – Throttle lock
      – Turn signals
      – Dash backlight control
      – Hazard lights
    • Dome light in cab
    • Lunchbox and beverage holders
    • Steering and Transmission Integrated Control (STIC) system
    • Sun screen, pull down (front and rear)
    • Vital Information Management System (VIMS) with Information Display: external data port, Cycle Timer, integrated Cat Production Measurement (CPM)
    • Keypad, messenger, ET, VIMS
    • Coat hook
  • Safety
    • Electric (field and shop) horns
    • Ground-access ladders
    • Rear-vision camera
    • Front frame access with steps
    • Front walkway around cab
    • Pump bay access ladders with T-handle and platform
    • Tie-offs on ROPS and radiator guards
    • Steering frame lock
    • Stairways on both sides of the machine
    • LED stairway and access lights
    • Toe kicks
    • Retractable seatbelt, 76 mm (3 in) wide
    • Trainer seat with lap belt, 76 mm (3 in) wide
    • Back-up alarm
    • Secondary steering
  • Machine Control And Guidance
    • CPM Payload Weighing System
  • Fuel Tank
    • 12 hour (3440 L/910 gal)
  • Cooling
    • Standard ambient package (recommended for site conditions that do not exceed 43° C [110° F])
  • Service
    • Ground-level service center including:
      – Service center light
      – Implement and cooling fan oil level indicator
      – Steering and brake oil level indicator
      – Window washer solvent level indicator
      – Transmission oil level indicator
      – DEF level indicator (if equipped)
      – Fuel level indicator
      – Engine oil level indicator
      – Engine coolant level indicator
      – Automatic lubrication system grease tank level indicator
      – DEF purge indicator lamp
      – Starter lockout and LED
      – Heavy-duty battery disconnect switch
      – Stairway light switch
      – Service lighting switch (if equipped)
      – Fuel shutoff engine shutdown switch
      – Engine oil fast-fill port
      – Transmission oil fast-fill port
      – Steering and brake hydraulic oil fast-fill port
      – Steering and brake hydraulic oil drain port
      – Oil renewal system fast-fill port
      – Engine coolant fast-fill port
      – DEF fill port (HRC only)
      – Implement and cooling fan hydraulic oil fast-fill port
      – Implement and cooling hydraulic oil drain port
      – Automatic lubrication system grease tank fill port
      – 24V jump-start receptacle
      – 240V jacket water and engine oil heater plug (if equipped)
      – 12V power port
      – VIMS key switch
      – 14-pin machine data port
      – VIMS Messenger display
    • In-tank mounted cartridge-type case drain filters with in-line magnetic plugs on implement, cooling fan, brake and steering pumps
    • High-pressure screens on the output side of implement, cooling fan, brake and steering pumps
    • Pump efficiency monitoring
    • Automatic lubrication system greases the linkage, hitch, steering and axle trunnion bearings
    • Electronic pressure control of the automatic lubrication system eliminates pressure adjustment and monitors grease thickness for temperature compatibility
    • Rock guards on linkage grease lines
    • Cat O-ring face seal couplings
    • Lockable service access doors
    • Ecology drains for engine, radiator, hydraulic tank, steering and brake tank, brake cooling tank and axles
    • High-speed engine oil change system
    • Ground-level fast-fill fuel system
    • Transmission guard
    • Drawbar hitch with pin
    • Cat XT hoses
    • Left-side service center
    • Oil sampling valves
  • Efficiency
    • Economy Mode
    • Variable displacement implement pumps
    • Variable displacement load sensing steering
    • Variable displacement cooling fan pump
    • Torque converter lock-up clutch

Optional Equipment:

  • Note
    • Standard and optional equipment may vary. Consult your Cat dealer for details.
  • Spare Rims
    • 1118 mm (44") 152 mm (44 _ 57) (6") flange
    • 1194 mm (47") 152 mm (44 _ 57) (6") flange
    • 1194 mm (47") 127 mm (47 _ 57) (5") flange
  • Sound
    • Sound-suppression package
  • Rims And Tires
    • Rims – 1118 mm (44") (44 _ 57) 152 mm (6") flange. For use with 53.5/85-5776PR L5 tires
    • Tires – 53.5/85-57 FS 76PR L5 (require 44" rims)
    • Rims – 1194 mm (47") (47 _ 57) 127 mm (5") flange. For use with 60/80 R57L5R XMine D2 SR tires
    • Tires – 58/85-57 84PR L4 (require 47" rims)
    • Rims – 1194 mm (47") (47 _ 57) 152 mm (6") flange. For use with 58/85-5784PR L4 tires
  • Electrical
    • Service lights
  • Power Train
    • Oil Renewal System (ORS) (Not available on Tier 4 Final machines. Not available in all regions.)
  • Linkage
    • High lift (38.1 tonnes/42 tons face, 49.9 tonnes/55 tons loose)
  • Operator Environment
    • Rubber-mounted, high-impact resistant solar control glass (Complies with AS/NZS 2080)
    • Joystick lift and tilt function controls
    • AM/FM/AUX radio
    • AM/FM/AUX/USB/BT/CD/SAT radio
  • Safety
    • Powered ground-access stairs
    • Cat Detect (Rear Object Detection)
    • Wheel chocks
  • Cold Weather
    • Cold-weather cooling fan bypass (recommended for temperatures below –29° C [–20° F])
    • Heavy-duty starter (provides an additional electric starter motor and two additional batteries for a total of three starter motors and six batteries) (recommended for temperatures below 0� C [32� F])
    • 240V engine oil and coolant heating elements (recommended in conditions from –18° C to –30° C [0° F to –22° F])
    • Fuel heater (heated by recirculation using engine heat and a heat exchanger) (recommended in conditions from –18° C to –30° C [0° F to –22° F])
    • Heated mirrors (recommended for below-freezing temperatures)
  • Machine Control And Guidance
    • Cat Terrain ready
  • Fuel Tank
    • 24 hour (5700 L/1,506 gal)
  • Cooling
    • High ambient package (recommended for site conditions that do not exceed 53° C [127° F])

Coming Soon

Renee HerndonRenee Herndon
21:55 29 Feb 24
Dalton was very helpful, The road construction, however, was not! 😂I would rather have to sand paper an alligators @$$ in a phone booth that to get in that mess again.
Michael BirrenMichael Birren
14:58 24 Feb 24
I purchased a used C-15 from a customer of Greg Pool was a running take out. I picked up the engine from the Greg Pool Cat near Nags Head NC. They started they had done all service on this engine stated the hours and all items replaced during the life of engine under their care. I just recently put the engine in my boat after 2 years of building the vessel I find that everything they said about the engine was a LIE!!! Turbo was Bad, After cooler was not updated to the newer version for the C-15 it was missing a terminal Resistor that was clearly stolen off the engine which created a major issue with start up upon installation. Greg Pool Caterpillar stated the hours at 3300 we find out there were 5700 hours. I didn’t do a start up or test run which I regret because i was dealing with a Caterpillar dealer i thought i could trust them. Clearly not Buyers Be Ware if your dealing with Greg Pool Caterpillar in NC. I have 3 of the C-15 engines in my Work boats here in Tampa Fl and my Cat dealership here is Ring power who have done an amazing job to get me going with this Engine. I am very Disappointed in The Caterpillar company for allowing such A dealership to exist.
David LawrenceDavid Lawrence
13:04 22 Feb 24
Brandon PierceBrandon Pierce
22:00 18 Feb 24
Darin NoeDarin Noe
01:17 16 Feb 24
Jose SotoJose Soto
15:26 23 Sep 23
Hunter ElliottHunter Elliott
16:17 07 Sep 23
Rick Kelly-CrapseRick Kelly-Crapse
21:06 25 Aug 23
They had all my parts for my 3208 Cat.Friendly folks at parts counter.
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